To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Hitesh Kawedia. It signifies a natural and necessary urge in human beings to know themselves and the world in which they live and move and have their being. Western philosophy remained more or less true to the etymological meaning of philosophy in being essentially an intellectual quest for truth.
Philosophy is a comprehensive system of ideas about human nature and the nature of the reality we live in. It is a guide for living, because the issues it addresses are basic and pervasive, determining the course we take in life and how we treat other people. Hence we can say that all the aspects of human life are influenced and governed by the philosophical consideration.
As a field of study philosophy is one of the oldest disciplines. It is considered as a mother of all the sciences. In fact it is at the root of all knowledge. Education has also drawn its material from different philosophical bases. Education, like philosophy is also closely related to human life. Therefore, being an important life activity education is also greatly influenced by philosophy.
Various fields of philosophy like the political philosophy, social philosophy and economic philosophy have great influence on the various aspects of education like educational procedures, processes, policies, planning and its implementation, from both the theoretical and practical aspects.
In order to understand the concept of Philosophy of education it is necessary to first understand the meaning of the two terms; Philosophy and Education.
This tells us something about the nature of philosophy, but not much, because many disciplines seek wisdom. Since times immemorial there have been various pursuits for unfolding the mystery of the universe, birth and death, sorrow and joy. Various ages have produced different thoughts throwing light upon the mystic region.
The ultimate truth is yet to be found out. This eternal quest for truth 'lends the origin of philosophy. A love of wisdom is the essence for any philosophy investigation. On the standard way of telling the story, humanity's first systematic inquiries took place within a mythological or religious framework: wisdom ultimately was to be derived from sacred traditions and from individuals thought to possess privileged access to a supernatural realm, whose own access to wisdom, in turn, generally was not questioned.As our studies got under way and as more and more information was obtained from college and university presidents, one factor became increasingly evident: A major reason why institutions of higher education have experienced difficulty in obtaining the funds they need from state legislatures and private benefactors has been the widespread ignorance of what higher education is, how it developed, and what it tries to do.
It would be reassuring to report that this lack of knowledge is confined to those who have never attended college and that it is rapidly disappearing as more and more persons in our population have at least some experience with the work of colleges and universities. Much of what we have learned indicates that there is no such cause for optimism.
There is reason to suspect that many college students and faculty members have never thought broadly about the historical evolution or the basic purposes of the institutions of which they are a part. If thoughtful citizens are to be concerned about the financial well-being of higher education, they must believe in its goals and methods.
They must know something of its peculiar historical growth. They must understand the scope of the work it does and why men both today and in years gone by have put great faith in its values. Perhaps it would be useful, too, to realize the limitations of higher education, the things it is not. The higher learning is not synonymous with life, it is not the whole of man's activity.
But it has been a feature of Western civilization since the Greek masters gathered their. An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page.
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Environment education aims to develop a healthy environment by the conservation and management of environment.
In the beginning, the scope of health education was limited to families, schools and communities, but today its scope is considerably widened.
The scope of health education is not just limited with to home and community and it is also not complete in itself. In its educational process, health education borrows items forms various other social sciences, e.
Perception in learning, motivation and learning process, role of reward and punishment, etc. Taboos, values, beliefs, norms, values, customs, group dynamics, etc. Size of family, birth gap, reproduction, sex hygiene, etc. In the same way Medicine, Anthropology, Biology, home science, Environment education, Physical education are also involved directly or indirectly in the health education.
So, the scope of health education also denotes its relationships with other social science or fields of study and the various occupational areas where health education. Health, Population and Environment Education is important to provide them safe and clean environment.
The scope of health education are in home, school, and community. The scope of population are divided into demography, determines of population change, and consequences of population growth. The scope of environment education are ecologyforests and wildlife, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and social beliefs. Health of a person is a dynamic condition and it differs from person to person.
However the basic characteristics of healthy person are given below: Joyfulness Sound sleep Self control Well actualization Well-adjusted A good appetite Sense of co-operative motivation Self disciplined Free from diseases Free from internal conflicts Sense of self esteemed.
Community includes mass-meeting, ceremony, guthi, industries and factories, clubs, institutions, hospital offices etc. Therefore, we can give education about health to community through meetings, posting articles on various locations, talking about health in the radios and television.
We can also run various health activities in our community. We may also run free health checkup and provide free medicines for old ages people. School is a place which provides the health experiences formally and informally.
The five health experiences which can be obtained from school are given below: Keeping the environment clean. Playing in particular time. Participation in sanitation campaign, utilizing the health services in school.
Taking tiffin without making the surrounding dirty. Keeping the class room clean. The definition of health given by WHO is "Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmities. However, this definition has gone through many sorts of criticism for being too board. Some people contradict that health can't only defined as a state, but it must be seen as a dynamic process.
They further claim the definitions of WHO to be an idealistic one which rarely exists in the real world. We should be conscious and alert to our health. Some people are unknown to basic knowledge or unknowingly adopt unhygienic behavior.
Such behavior cannot be improved without changing their views with adequate proper guidance. Large numbers of people die of communicable diseases like cholera, diarrhea, typhoid, tuberculosis, pneumonia etc. These diseases are fatal in nature. Majority if the death is of under 5 years in children.This is very authentic, informative and effective data for gathering knowledge and information about relevant topic.
Thank You. It is an application of scientific methods to the study of educational problems. The purpose of educational research is progress and good life. According to J. According to Lazarsfeld and Sieber. The scope of a subject can usually be discussed under two heads:. The branches, topics and the subject matter it deals with. The fields of educational research can be classified in terms of following content areas. Educational Psychology. Philosophy of Education.
Educational Administration: Meaning, Nature and Other Details
Sociology of Education. Economics of Education. Educational Administration. Comparative Education. Curriculum construction and Textbooks. Educational Measurement and Test development. Teacher education and teaching behavior.
Guidance and counselling. Educational Technology. Research in Educational Psychology has great significance for a teacher. The usefulness of various theories of learning for designing conditions that produce effective learning in school has been the central theme of researches in the recent years. Conditions conductive to effective learning, factors helpful in promoting memory and concept formation need attention by the researchers. Promising fields of research in Educational Psychology include.
Cognitive, non-cognitive factors such as intelligence, aptitudes, creativity, attitudes, interest, motivation, personality traits, needs and adjustment of pupils various influences of home, neighbourhood, peer relationships and other social relationships that affect child development, growth and learning are worth investigating. The fundamental process of perception, learning and motivation and their applications, the exceptional children, the adolescent problems, achievement etc.
Education is the dynamic side of philosophy. Promising field of research in philosophy of education include the following areas. Aurobindo, Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi, a. Naidu to has listed following area of philosophy of education in which research may be undertaken.
Assignment Point - Solution for Best Assignment Paper
Need for philosophy of Education. Special features of Indian Philosophy. Indian Philosophy and Indian Education. Indian Philosophical thoughts. The teacher, the learner, Teacher — learner inter relation and interaction.
Some Ancient Educational institutions. The abiding elements in Indian philosophy of education. Re-organization of Education to make it Indian on the basis of the exposition attempted so far. With the increasing emphasis on sociological foundations of education, the interaction of the two disciplines of education and sociology is getting attention of Indian researchers more and more.According to earlier psychologists, the function of psychology was to study the nature, origin and destiny of the human soul.
But soul is something metaphysical. It cannot be seen, observed and touched and we cannot make scientific experiments on soul. William James defined psychology as the science of mental processes. But there are three levels of consciousness — conscious, subconscious and the unconscious and so this definition also was not accepted by some. Thus psychology first lost its soul, then its mind and then its consciousness.
At present only its behaviour exists. Pillsbury and J. Watson also defined psychology as the science of behavior. Behaviour generally means overt activities which can observed and measured scientifically. What is Educational Psychology? Educational psychology is that branch of psychology in which the findings of psychology are applied in the field of education. It is the scientific study of human behaviour in educational setting.
The Development and Scope of Higher Education in the United States
According to Charles. Thus educational psychology is a behavioural science with two main references— human behaviour and education.
Education by all means is an attempt to mould and shape the behaviour of the pupil. It aims to produce desirable changes in him for the all-round development of his personality.
The essential knowledge and skill to do this job satisfactorily is supplied by Educational Psychology. In the words of E. In this way, the work of the Educational Psychologists resembles with that of an Engineer, who is a technical expert.Read this article to learn about the meaning, nature, objectives, scope and functions of educational administration.
Educational Administration is regarded as the process of integrating the appropriate human and material resources that are made available and made effective for achieving the purposes of a programme of an educational institution. It is like a broad umbrella encompassing a number of processes such as: planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, controlling and evaluating the performance. The same situation occurs in the field of educational administration.
The concept of educational administration is applicable in case of an educational organisation which has certain purposes or goals to fulfill. In order to achieve these purposes or goals, the head of the educational organisation plans carefully various programmes and activities. Here the educational organisation may be a school, college or university.
He provides feedback to them and brings modification, if required in the plans and programmes of the school or college or university. These are planning, organizing, directing, Coordinating and evaluation. Educational administration is primarily a social enterprise as it is more concerned with human resources than with material resources.
Educational administration is more an art than a science. Educational administration is similar to general administration in many ways, but it is also dissimilar to general administration in many more ways. As we know the very fact that educational administration needs integration and co-ordination of all the physical and human resources and educational elements.
What is the scope of Health Education?
Besides this it requires a great efficiency with it based on human sympathy, understanding, knowledge and skill. The human resources include pupils, teachers, supervisors, administrators and parents. The additional elements comprise the various aspects of educational theory and practice including philosophy of education, objectives of education, curriculum, method of teaching, discipline, role of the teacher, rules and regulations etc.
So the purpose of doing such vital task is to fulfill different purposes which are known as the objectives of educational administration. Rather it means the right type of education from the right type of teachers within reasonable cost. This objective also implies quantitative expansion and qualitative improvement of education. For adequate realization of the various purposes of educational programme there is the need of ensuring adequate utilization of all available resources-human, material and financial.
As teachers are the senior and mature human elements to accelerate the programme in time their role is highly felt in this regard. They are to be encouraged and given the facility to devise and try out innovative ideas on instruction and to participate in service education programmes. In this context, it can be visualized that educational administration should aim at developing a desire for hard work, dedication and commitment for their job among teachers.
To organize educational programmes for acquainting students with the art of democratic living and giving them excellent training in democratic citizenship. Like general administration, educational administration seeks to maintain and improve the relations with the community. For this it should seek community support and co-operation for quantitative expansion, qualitative improvements, smooth and fair examination in the educational system.
To organize co-curricular activities effectively for developing talents of students and work efficiency of educational teachers. The most important objective of administration is to get the work done effectively, efficiently and with satisfaction to the individuals and benefits to the society. To train the students in developing scientific attitude and objective outlook among them towards all aspects and activities of life. Good education can be provided to students by bringing qualitative improvement in instruction.
Regular supervision of teaching and guidance of teachers help to ensure quality teaching in schools. It is educational administration that determines what should be the nature and system of administration for all the above levels of education. Here the educational administration sets the systems of administration in accordance to the objectives and nature of all the levels of education.
Educational administration covers the following aspects relating to management in its jurisdiction:. Out of these above levels, educational administration has its ground reality and importance at the institutional level.
Because it is the practical ground to test the significance of educational administration in practice.Thank you for sharing such great information.
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Enumerate the objectives of teacher education. Describe the scope of teacher education. Explain the changing context of teacher education in the Indian scenario.
Analyze the changing context of teacher education in the global scenario. The key personnel in the institutions who play an important role to bring about this transformation are teachers. It is the teacher who is mainly responsible for implementation of the educational process at any stage.
This shows that it is imperative to invest in the preparation of teachers, so that the future of a nation is secure.